Mtavruli for Perfect Bicameral Fonts
24/02/2016 დატოვე კომენტარი
During 1200 years of Muslim occupation, isolation from Europe, total civilizational and cultural dominance of Arabic scripture, Georgian scripture have lost its original tradition of bicameral script (Capital letters) — and “Mkhedruli” scripture was developed as an “ethnic” variation of Arabic-like scripture — having no Capitals. Only from mid-19-th century pro-European Georgian intellectual elite started movement for establishing Capitals for Mkhedruli scripture. So, adding “Mkhedruli Mtavruli” to Unicode has now civilizational and cultural aspect for Georgian scripture (and writing, printing culture generally). This would be big step toward regaining lost level of Georgian language’s written representation.
In second part of XIX Ilia Chavchavadze and other intellectuals started straggle for adopting capital letters. Several newspapers and many books were printed extensively using capitals.
During soviet times practically all typewriter machines, commonly called “remington”-s, were equipped with Mkhedruli and Mtavruli letters.
During XX century most popular uppercase (then called “Title”) fonts where designed as isolated types — not linked, connected with some lowercase (Mkhedruli) font (for examples such a special Title types are famous: ”Gremi”, “Pakizi”, “Shemoqmedi”, “Balaveri”, “Groteski”, “Sakartvelo”, etc.).
Nowadays, architectonics of uppercase (Mtavruli) types organically linked with lowercase (Mkhedruli) is being developed actively as ONE/UNITED bicameral font type. In a little country of Georgia, per year, several lowercase (Mkhedruli) typefaces are created, which have their own uppercase (Mtavruli) — true bicameral fonts. Media companies (newspapers, magazines, TVs) now actively use uppercase letters of united bicameral type (even in their brand style fonts, which is a trend in Georgia). So, a wide field, demand appeared to create organically united uppercase (Mtavruli) types for lowercase (Mkhedruli) ones — this leads to real bicameral types/fonts for Georgian.
Mkhedruli Mtavruli (uppercase) letters architecture, from the time they appeared, was capitally different with their own extents, then Mkhedruli types (lowercase). Difference is about width and proportions of letters, which are mainly wider then Mkhedruli and have bigger/higher central oval. Mandatory, Mtavruli must be the organic fragment of its own Mkedruli typeface (is to be part of same fontface), and that requires more creative work and skills…
The personal opinion of BPG is that Mtavruli letters, besides that are to have noticeably big central oval and thicker lines, theirs baseline is to be slightly lower than Mkhedruli, and Caps Height is to be slightly higher than Ascender (usually, in Lathin fonts, Caps Height is lower then Ascender!).
Printed Book Example (2015)